Sand and gravel pit near Crimplesham in Norfolk
A view from Willow Hall Lane, Eye, Suffolk.
This sand pit is near Stanford-le-Hope, Essex
Sand and gravel pit, Old Warden, Beds
Gravel mining in Oxfordshire
The County Council is responsible for minerals and waste planning in Oxfordshire, including the preparation of a local plan setting out planning policies for mineral working and supply and for waste management. The Council is preparing a new Oxfordshire Minerals and Waste Local Plan, which will comprise: Part 1 – Core Strategy; and Part 2 – Site Allocations.
Sand and gravel is the most common mineral resource in Oxfordshire.
Part 1, the Core Strategy was approved and adopted in September 2017. It sets out the vision, objectives, spatial planning strategy and policies for meeting development requirements for the supply of minerals and the management of waste in Oxfordshire over the period to 2031. Para 4.21 reads:
“4.21 Policy M2: Provision for working aggregate minerals
Provision will be made through policies M3 and M4 to enable the supply of:
- sharp sand and gravel – 1.015 mtpa giving a total provision requirement of 18.270 million tonnes
- soft sand – 0.189 mtpa giving a total provision requirement of 3.402 million tonnes
- crushed rock – 0.584 mtpa giving a total provision requirement of 10.512 million tonnes
from land-won sources within Oxfordshire for the period 2014 – 2031 inclusive.
Permission will be granted for aggregate mineral working under policy M5 to enable separate landbanks of reserves with planning permission to be maintained for the extraction of minerals of:
- at least 7 years for sharp sand and gravel;
- at least 7 years for soft sand;
- at least 10 years for crushed rock;
in accordance with the annual requirement rates in the most recent Local Aggregate Assessment, taking into account the need to maintain sufficient productive capacity to enable these rates to be realised.”
Part 2 is the Site Allocations, currently being prepared. A consultation began in August 2018 (Oxfordshire minerals and waste local plan, part 2 – site allocations, issues and options consultation); comments had to be in by 3 October 2018.
One of the sites that is nominated and so under consideration is Site number SG-37: Land at Grandpont and South Hinksey. This is a 20hA site, with an estimated yield of 1.5 million tonnes.
A map of the area can be seen on p. 63 of this document MWLPSitesIssuesOptionsConsultation
We commented (as did the Environment Agency). Our own objection read:
“Site number SG-37: Land at Grandpont and South Hinksey.
This area is the subject of a major planning application currently being considered by Oxfordshire County Council for the construction of the Oxford Flood Alleviation Scheme. For this reason we ask that this site should not be taken forward.”
Many of the easiest to mine areas in the County have been mined, increasing pressure on those that remain. While there are logistical difficulties to mining at Site SG-37, Land at Grandpont and South Hinksey, the demand for gravel seems likely to continue unabated with road and rail schemes and new housing very much on the agenda both nationally and in Oxfordshire. In our opinion it is far from impossible that in future this Site might be chosen for mining.
The Oxford Flood Alleviation Scheme (the Scheme) is not designed or intended in any way to prevent gravel mining in the future.
However, having said that, it seems to us that having the Scheme in place would make gravel mining at this site much, much less likely. We say this because mining for gravel once the flood alleviation scheme is built would compromise its design and its proper functioning. (The very fact that the Scheme is under consideration is probably already affording protection in the present consultation round.)
Disclaimer: this present brief note is intended to explain the issues as we understand them. There is a great deal more information available in the relevant County documents and on their website, e.g.
which anyone particularly interested should read for themselves.